Joint stiffness: causes, treatment and prevention methods

Joint stiffness

Joint pain appears to be a widespread illness that may possess a multitude of origins as well as an accompaniment of conditions. Discomfort in the joints may occur among not only the elderly, but also among the young, and most significantly, physically active individuals at any time of their life. For some, soreness occurs following the workday; others go through stiffness in hands and legs starting at dawn, while others occasionally suffer from jammed diarthroses. In whatever circumstances it may arise, the feeling of aching restricts the liberty of action.

Reasons for joint aches

The human organism encompasses 270 diarthroses on average. Each represents quite an arrangement, comprising not only bone, but also cartilage, muscle, loose connective tissue, and mucous membranes. They all facilitate the gliding of the skeletal surfaces and drive the joint in motion. Despite the complicated architecture of a healthy joint, it operates smoothly.

The emergence of joint soreness, or arthralgia, is a consequence of a variety of medical disorders. Broadly speaking, all arthralgia illnesses are classified into 2 large clusters:

  • Arthritis represents inflammatory conditions in the joint space brought about by infection, autoimmune diseases, endocrine abnormalities, or metabolic disorders.
  • Arthrosis occurs with the degradation of cartilage and the underlying bone. In osteoarthritis, the cartilage progressively tends to lose its smoothness, elasticity, and cracks.

All of these conditions may damage the joints of your body, causing severe or moderate joint soreness. Hundreds of conditions can be responsible for the problem of aching. The diseases most commonly associated with joint pain are the following:

  • Bursitis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatism
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Reactive arthritis
  • Gout and others

Arthritis and arthrosis origins

Arthrosis occurs due to deteriorative processes in the articular joints, mainly related to the maturing of the organism. The density of bone structure declines with age. The cartilage and ligaments lose elasticity, and the surfaces of the joints tend to roughen as they move, resulting in decreased sliding ability, while the joint capsules gradually deform.

Lack of mobility impairs blood velocity in the vessels feeding the joints, aggravating metabolic imbalances. The functioning impairment of a single joint increases the load redistribution of the neighboring joints resulting in elevated wear and tear. A busy everyday lifestyle as well as moderate-intensity physical activity (e.g., gymnastics, swimming, walks) may contribute to keeping the joints healthy and slowing down the development of degenerative changes in old age. Proper nutrition also plays an important role.

Arthritis means inflammation of a joint. Patients with arthritis suffer from sharp, throbbing aches extending to neighboring areas. They occur at rest and intensify with the slightest movement of the limbs. You may also identify additional evidence of inflammation: swelling, distortion, red joint area, and reduced movements. Reasons for arthritis arise from about a dozen various medical conditions. Recognition and therapy options will vary in accordance with the underlying disease.

Despite the existence of at least 50 types of arthritis, however, inflammation and aching joints do not necessarily indicate the existence of arthritis. Pain in the areas of the joints may be due to trauma to the soft tissues or synovial membranes. Therefore, a doctor’s appointment is required to establish the diagnosis.

Curing the aching joints

The therapy for joint problems demands a multidimensional focus. Therapy tactics encompass mechanical off-loading, relieving inflammation & prevention of the primary condition progression. Only this approach may precede the degradation of cartilage, preserve its function, as well as enhance the individual’s standard of living.

Therapy assigned by a health practitioner may incorporate the following techniques to alleviate stiffness:

  • drugs
  • therapeutic exercise
  • massage
  • physiotherapy
  • acupuncture
  • surgery or prosthetic correction

Medicinal therapy comprises non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which have both analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. They can be appointed by the physician for the shortest possible period of time in the smallest effective dose in case of a joint lesion. They include medications such as:

  • Tylenol. This medicine belongs to the analgesic drugs of the non-narcotic type. The active substance of the medicine influences the pain units, stopping the grip of aches and pains. Moreover, paracetamol takes an active effect on the centers of inflammation, eliminating the flare-up effectively. The medication exhibits no destructive influence on the digestive tract & water-salt metabolism.
  • Advil. Provides an anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anti-fever treatment. Relieves back pain and soreness from arthritis.
  • Motrin IB. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine has analgesic and anti-fever properties. Symptomatic therapy of pain in diseases of the musculoskeletal apparatus, including bursitis.
  • Naprosyn. The indication for application is inflammatory & degenerative disorders of the musculoskeletal apparatus.

An online services such as happyfamilystore provides a unique service intended to provide substantial discounts on over-the-counter and prescription medications. Diverse medications of all kinds are offered at Happy family pharmacy store for the treatment of joint pain.

Upon consumption, however, it is essential for you to adhere to the guidelines for usage of the drug, as well as taking the prescribed dosage. In case you suffer from specific contraindications, such as hypersensitivity to the components of the medication, stomach conditions, kidney failure, and so on, you are advised to discuss the matter with your doctor before using the medication.

Preventive care

Problems with joints are avoided by protecting them from overloading. Heavy loads, prolonged standing, lifting, and carrying heavy weights impose a force on the affected joints, greatly exceeding the body weight and damaging the cartilage.

For joint soreness avoidance, abide by the following instructions:

  • eliminate unnecessary weight
  • wear comfortable footwear, in case of flat-footedness, ensure the wearing of special orthopedic insoles
  • avoid stress and overloading
  • do not work standing, squatting, or bent over a computer for a long time (such postures worsen blood supply to tissues and disturb the nourishment of cartilage).

Yet on the other hand you can’t leave your body without action. Stay exercise-oriented, prioritizing moderate physical exercise. Work out a suitable rhythm of exercise, with periods of rest alternating with periods of action.